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3 edition of Lung cancer risk from indoor exposures to radon daughters found in the catalog.

Lung cancer risk from indoor exposures to radon daughters

a report

by International Commission on Radiological Protection.

  • 216 Want to read
  • 33 Currently reading

Published by Pergamon for the International Commission on Radiological Protection in Oxford .
Written in English


Edition Notes

At head of title : Radiation protection.

Other titlesRadiation protection.
Statementof a TaskGroup of the International Commission on Radiological Protection adopted by the Commission in September 1986.
SeriesPublications / International Commission on Radiological Protection -- 50, Annals of the ICRP / International Commission on Radiological Protection -- vol.17, no.1
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20971885M
ISBN 10008035579X

As a first step we present examples of best practice from some countries that have made outstanding approaches in a number of key areas relevant to radon regulation. ICRP 50 Lung cancer risks from indoor exposures to radon daughters. Annals of the ICRP Vol. 17, No 1, , Publicat Pergamon Press.


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Lung cancer risk from indoor exposures to radon daughters by International Commission on Radiological Protection. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Lung Cancer Risk from Indoor Exposures to Radon Daughters (Icrp Publication, 50) [SMITH, H., ED.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Lung Cancer Risk from Indoor Exposures to Radon Daughters (Icrp Publication, 50)5/5(1). Lung cancer risk from indoor exposures to radon daughters. Oxford ; New York: Published for the Commission by Pergamon, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: International Commission on Radiological Protection.

ISBN: X If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to reset your passwordCited by: Lung cancer risk from indoor exposures to radon daughters: ICRP Publication 50 - IOPscience This site uses cookies.

By continuing to use this site you agree to our use of cookies. To find out more, see our Privacy and Cookies policy. Lung cancer risk from indoor exposures to radon daughters.

Report from a Task Group established by the International Commission on Radiological Protection. Acta Oncol, 26(6), 01 Jan Cited by: 0 articles | PMID: Recommended citation ICRP, Lung Cancer Risk from Exposures to Radon Daughters.

ICRP Publication Ann. ICRP 17 (1). Abstract. Exposure to radon and its decay products in mines is a well recognized risk of lung cancer in miners. A large number of epidemiologic studies from various countries are quite consistent in this respect even it the magnitude of the risk differs according to exposure by:   Nationwide survey of indoor radon levels in Korea.

The International Commission on Radiological Protection Publication (ICRP), issued inproposed the need for an efficient measure to minimize radon exposure that defines standards for indoor radon concentrations and designates areas at high risk for radon exposure, as part of a concentrated effort to manage indoor radon Cited by: About 2 people could get lung cancer (Average indoor radon level) (Reducing radon levels below 2 pCi/L is difficult.) pCi/L (Average outdoor radon level) Note: If you are a former smoker, your risk may be higher.

* Lifetime risk of lung cancer deaths from EPA Assessment of Risks from Radon in Homes (EPA R). Lung cancer kills more Canadians than any other form of cancer. Smoking is the No.

1 cause of lung cancer, followed by radon exposure, according to Health Canada. The finding that this naturally occurring carcinogen is present in the air of homes and other buildings has raised concern about the lung cancer risk to the general population from radon.

I review current approaches for assessing the risk of indoor radon, emphasizing the extrapolation of the risks for miners to the general by: 8. Radon is a colorless, tasteless and odorless gas that causes lung cancer. Radon can reside at dangerous levels inside homes, schools and other buildings.

Exposure to radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the United States, after smoking. Radon-related lung cancers are responsible for an estima deaths annually in the. from Lung Cancer. Number 36 Percent i 'WI-M = Working Level Month (exposure to one working level—any combination of short-lived radon daughters in one liter of air that will result in the emission of x IOS MeV of potential alpha energy—for a working month of hours).

don are being made under conditions de-Cited by: In the conservative traditionof radiation protection, indoor radon exposures in homes are estimated toproduce a number of excess lung cancers in the population.

One estimate bythe NCRP is ab deaths per year in the US, for an average annualestimated exposure of WLM (about one pCi/liter).Cited by: The Science of the Total Environment, 45 {) Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam -- Printed in The Netherlands RISK ASSESSMENT FOR INDOOR EXPOSURE TO RADON DAUGHTERS W.

JACOBI and H.G. PARETZKE GSF - Institut for Strahlenschutz, D Neuherberg ABSTRACT Approaches to and results for the estimation of healths risks from indoor exposure to radon and its daughter Cited by: Cigarette smoking is the most common cause of lung cancer.

Radon represents a far smaller risk for this disease, but it is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the United States. Scientists estimate t to 22, lung cancer deaths in the United States each year are related to radon.

Exposure to the combination of radon gas and. A recent meta-analysis of indoor radon and lung cancer risk that included 25 lung cancer case-control studies with cases and controls showed that indoor radon exposure is significantly.

Miners and Radon Exposure Risk: Among underground miners, radon was the first environmental respiratory carcinogen linked to increased lung cancer risk.

Many epidemiologic studies of those who mine uranium and other ores have established exposure to radon daughters as a lung cancer cause (NRCC ). Lung cancer deaths attributable to indoor radon exposure per country.

Tables 1 and and2 2 show the estimated percentages and numbers of lung cancer deaths attributable to indoor radon exposure in American, European, and Asian countries [1, 2, 14–21].The percent AR of lung cancer deaths due to radon exposure is estimated to be lie between 3 % (United Kingdom) and 20 Cited by: Table 3 shows the relative risk of lung cancer in relation to the estimated level of residential exposure to radon, according to histologic type of cancer.

When all types were considered together, there was a positive trend, with an excess relative risk of (95 percent. WON EXPOSURE AND LUNG CANCER RISK by: Jonathan M. Samet* M.D. Department of Medicine and presentation first provides an ovemiew of radon daughter carcinogenesis, and then reviews the recent BEIR IV report.

The report described a measure the risk of radon exposure in indoor environments have been. Experts most often measure radon by the amount that's in the air. The higher the level, and the longer you're in contact with it, the greater your risk of lung cancer.

To put the risks of radon in. Despite much recent work, exposures to radon daughters by the general public are not well defined. From application of risk assessments in miners to home conditions, it appears that about 25% or more of lung cancers among nonsmokers over the age of 60, and about 5% in smokers, may be attributable to exposure to radon daughters at by: As indicated in the BEIR IV report, lifetime relative risk (LRR) is the most suitable risk quantity to characterize individual risks of lung for radon exposures of 10 and 20 years are given in Fig.

1, Fig. 2 for males and females, respectively. Age at exposure is the age exposure started. Download: Download full-size image Fig. me relative risks, LRRs, of lung cancer for Cited by: 4. Studies in lab animals have also shown an increased risk of lung cancer with exposure to radon. These studies revealed that breathing in radon and its progeny increases the risk of lung tumors.

The risk is higher if the animal breathes in both cigarette smoke and radon. In some animals, the risk of certain other cancers was also increased. The risk of radon-induced lung cancer increases with exposure to radon progeny and the duration of the exposure.

On average, radon progeny concentrations in Canadian homes are about three times higher than in school buildings, times higher than in public buildings and indoor workplaces, and 12 times higher than in outdoor by: 1. @article{osti_, title = {Potential lung cancer risk from indoor radon exposure}, author = {Harley, N H and Harley, J H}, abstractNote = {The contribution of radon daughter exposure to excess lung cancer in underground miners is universally accepted.

These miners received exposures from tens to thousands of WLM in a relatively few years. As I noted, the risk of lung cancer from exposure to radon (actually the radioactive decay products of radon, commonly called radon daughters or radon progeny) depends on the cumulative exposure over a lifetime.

The risk factors have been estimated based on epidemiologic studies of underground miners and residential indoor exposures. From toa case-control study of lung cancer and indoor radon (comprising 1, cases and 2, controls) was conducted in Western Germany.

There was no association between lung cancer and radon exposure across the entire study area. Lung Cancer Risk from Radon and Progeny and Statement on Radon Show all authors.

C.H. Clement. C.H. Clement. Indoor radon exposure and risk of lung cancer: Evaluation of Occupational and Environmental Exposures to Radon and Radon Daughters in the United States. NCRP Report No.

Cited by: The Lung Cancer Risks at Home. Smoking is by far the leading cause of lung cancer and when combined with radon, the effects are synergistic. Current smokers have about nine times the risk from radon than never-smokers or times higher than ever-smokers.

People spend most of their time at home - on average 70%, more for children and women. Excess lung cancer risk diminishes with time from exposure, and some data show the excess risk may disappear completely 30–40 years after a single exposure (Roscoe et al., ; Smigel, ).

While cigarette smoking is the most common cause of lung cancer and radon represents a far smaller risk for this disease, it is important to note that. The complete report, entitled "Estimating the Risk of Lung Cancer from Inhalation of Radon Daughters Indoors: Review and Evaluation," (Order No.

PB / AS; Cost $, subject to change) will be available only from: National Technical Information Service Port Royal Road Springfield, VA Telephone: The EPA Project. After giving informed consent, the study participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire on smoking habits, occupational exposures, and other determinants of lung cancer risk and radon exposure.

The odds ratio (OR) of lung cancer was estimated from matched and unmatched logistic regression analyses relative to indoor radon concentration Cited by: Concerns over indoor radon exposures and lung cancer emerged during the late s after it was equivocally established that radon was a universal indoor-air contaminant[11].

At about the same time, radon was officially classified as a human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer[12] and scientific interest in its health Cited by: 7. Introduction. Long-term exposure to Rn and its progeny (here defined as “radon”) is a main cause of lung cancer in certain occupational environments.

As an intermediate in the thorium decay chain, Rn (half-life d) emits high energy α particles ( MeV) which generate a series of short lived radioactive progeny (isotopes of polonium, lead and bismuth) with lower levels of Author: Robert Nilsson, Jian Tong. Limiting carcinogenic exposures in the environment and in the workplace provides an opportunity to reduce the cancer burden, particularly for workers with unacceptably high exposures.

Outdoor air pollution causes between 6 and 8 million premature deaths from lung cancer. There is substantial variation in the annual mean concentration of radon in the same North American homes measured several years apart. These findings call into question the assumption that year-long indoor air radon measurements offer a valid estimate of cumulative radon exposures in homes over a period of years, the most biologically meaningful exposure period.

As lung cancer risk models derived directly from residential radon studies are not yet available, the risk model developed recently by Lubin et al. from a joint analysis of 11 underground miners' studies is applied. For an estimate of the impact of smoking on radon-attributable lung cancers, three different approaches are used and by: Lung cancer risk from indoor exposure to radon daughters.

Lung cancer risk from indoor exposure to radon daughters. H Smith solute risk model that assumes no temporal correlation with the normal lung cancer rate. The relative lung cancer risk for adults is independent of the age at exposure and seems to be nearly equal for Lung Exposure From: Cancer Risk to Radon.

Adjusting the previously published BEIR IV radon risk model accordingly, the unit risk for indoor exposures of the general population is about x 10(-4) lung cancer deaths (lcd)/WLM. Using results from EPA's National Residential Radon Survey, the average radon level is estimated to be about pCi/L, and the annual average exposure about 0.

Eleven comprehensive studies of underground miners exposed to radioactive radon gas and its alpha-particle emitting decay products all found that exposure increases the risk of dying of lung cancer [reviewed in (1)].As a consequence, when it was found that radon could accumulate in houses, albeit at concentrations usually much lower than in mines, there was concern about a possible Cited by: Health effects of exposure to radon progeny other than lung-cancer have been of concern, including other malignancies and non-malignant respiratory diseases in miners.

The findings of several ecologic studies in the general population have indicated a possible effect of radon exposure in increasing risk for several types of non-lung-cancers and.